Wednesday 13 January, from 10:00 to 14:30, will see the conference X stunda. Barikādēm 30 (X Hour. 30th Anniversary of the Barricades) marking this significant anniversary of the January 1991 Barricades. It will feature active participants in those Barricades, members of the People's Front, former representatives of the government and the Supreme Soviet, looking back at the events of January 1991 and reviewing, in the main, topics not widely discussed previously: preparations for the Barricades and the media's role as messenger. At the same time, the conference will consider those people who, led by their own initiative, unselfishly supported the Barricades.
The conference will be opened by Latvia's President Egils Levits, and will be broadcast live from the National Library of Latvia (NLL) on the LSM.lv public media portal, as well as on the NLL website and Facebook profile.
10:00 | Introduction
- President Egils Levits, NLL Director Andris Vilks, conference chair, journalist and commentator Pauls Raudseps
- Addresses by Saeima Speaker Ināra Mūrniece, Prime Minister Krišjānis Kariņš, Minister for Culture Nauris Puntulis
Historian Edgars Engīzers – Latvian Society on the Eve of and During the 1991 Barricades
11:00 | Part I: X Hour
Moderator – journalist and political scientist Edijs Bošs
- Chairman of the Latvian People's Front in 1991 Romualds Ražuks
Discussion: Dainis Ģēģers, Māris Šops, Andris Jaunsleinis, Juris Strīpnieks, Jānis Dinevičs
12:15 | Part II: Our People
Moderator – journalist Aidis Tomsons
Discussion: Tālavs Jundzis, Dainis Īvāns, Egils Einārs Jurševics, Artūrs Irbe, Raimonds Graube, Guntis Kalme
13:15 | Part III: The Message from the Barricades
Moderator – Adviser to the President Sarmīte Ēlerte
Discussion: Ojārs Ēriks Kalniņš, Aleksandrs Mirļins, Zaiga Grīnberga, Māra Sīmane, Laila Pakalniņa
14:15 | Conclusion
The conference programme may change.
The conference is being organised by the National Library of Latvia in partnership with the Ministry of Culture, the 1991 Barricade Museum, the Latvian People's Front Museum and Latvia's Centenary Office.
The Barricades were a significant moment in time for the nation's self-awareness and the expression of its will, when people were fully determined to protect their land and their freedom. This was a manifestation of non-violent resistance, a mass readiness to defend themselves without weapons, when, at the invitation of the Latvian People's Front, people constructed barricades around strategically important objects in Rīga and elsewhere in Latvia. Thanks to widespread public involvement, attempts by the opponents of independence to seize power failed. The January 1991 Barricades are a unique, internationally significant example of non-violent resistance, as well as an essential part of Latvia's history.
Information prepared by:
Public Relations Manager
National Library of Latvia
Phone: +371 26472501